A Table Summarizing the Roles and Powers of the Arizona Government’s three Branches
The state of Arizona consists of three separate branches: the judiciary, the executive, and the legislative branches (Hull, 2010).
The judicial branch consists of the Arizona Supreme court, Court of Appeal, Superior Court, and the minor courts.
- The Superior Courts
The superior court handles felony cases and hears laws and matters of equity that involve the possession of real property and misdemeanors.
- Supreme Court
The governor appoints five justices that sit on the Arizona Supreme Court, which has administrative supervision on all the courts. The chief justice exercises the supervision powers.
- Court of Appeal
The court of Appeal reviews appeals from the Industrial Commission rules over unemployment compensation within the Security Economics Department as well as the Arizona Tax court.
The minor court hear petty offenses and covers jurisdiction over lawsuits below 5000$
- The Arizona people select the Executive branch members by voting. The representatives included the Public Instruction Superintendent, the Governor, the treasurer of the State, the State Secretary, and the Procurator General.
- The Executive branch has 130 agencies, authorities, departments, institutions commissions, boards, administrations, registrars, councils, and offices. It is assigned to several departments, thus; the Department of Commerce, Department of Agriculture, Department of Transportation, and Department of Economic Security.
- This branch of an organization performs the day-to-day business of the state of government and carrying out the law (McClory, 2010).
The legislative consists of the Arizona House of Representatives, the Arizona Senate, the Office of the Auditor-General, Legislative Council, and the Joint Legislative Budget Committee.
- The legislative branch makes and amends lawsMakes budget on how to spend and raise money from taxes
- The president and the speaker are found in this branch
- The president and the speaker appoint chairs to the standing committees, remove others, and decide when to pass a bill
- The Arizona people and Senate leaders are introducing legislation for this branch
- The minority leader sets party and legislative agendas as well as whips, ensuring that votes are needed on the floor to ensure that the source of flavored legislation is assured (McClory, 2010)
Outline the Procedures for Amending the Arizona Constitution
The Arizona Constitution amendment and the guiding principles, as well as the main principles, are initiated by the state’s people since they have power. This is enhanced through getting a signed petition by many voters approximately fifteen percent of the governor’s vote cast. The proposed amendments are later renounced to the state people to vote in an election. When the majority votes approve the change, it becomes a constitutional bill (Hull, 2010).
Analysis of the Amendment Process for the Arizona Constitution
The Constitution of Arizona is, I believe, a fair study procedure. Most state government’s power is placed in the hands of the politicians to choose and vote, but the Arizona constitution puts the government’s dominance in the hands of the citizen. Since the State was established to direct, support, and protect its people, the Arizona Constitution amendment process will not grant it too much control. It is rational that the Arizona people have the most ability to vote but do not have too much power (McClory, 2010).
Moreover, Arizona has been the forty-eighth state that has been admitted into the union. The Arizona citizens have been able to learn from previous mistakes of other countries that they have felt it worked as well as what they have thought it should be different. I believe the progressive framers would endorse the way the amendment process has been used thus far. This is because it has been created with colossal reflection leading the methods that had been in place within other states, and these are the reasons for the Arizona constitution to be consequently long. The progressive movement coincides with the Arizona Constitution because both are strict with the fact that the Arizona people possess the highest power. This encourages a direct democracy that ensures the Arizona people are part of the progressive movement of putting ends to any political, economic, and social injustice (Hull, 2010).
Additionally, the three major principles of direct Initiative, democracy, recall, and referendum are maintaining the extreme principles of the Progressive framers and how the process has been run thus far.
- McClory. (2010). Understanding the Arizona constitution. (Illustrated ed., p. 269pages). United States of America: University of Arizona Press.
- Hull, J. D. (2010). Arizona constitution – United States constitution. (2nd ed., p. 52pages). United States of America: The office.