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How Chronic Diseases Affect Labor Force

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Abstract

The theme of this paper revolves around chronic diseases and their impact on the labor force. In the first section, the paper has discussed the link between chronic disease and labor productivity. Status of health is a significant predictor of the labor force, and a growing contributor is chronic diseases to morbidity related outcomes of the labor market. One of the largest causes of bad employment performance is chronic diseases. The significant risk factors for cardiovascular disease and diabetes are well known, such as lack of physical activity, diet, and smoking, along with a genetic predisposition to diabetes, cholesterol levels, and blood pressure. In the next section, the paper has discussed the major chronic diseases that badly impact labor health and productivity. Smoking and obesity impair the employment wages, prospects, labor productivity, and, most importantly, exit from the labor force in the form of early retirement in an obvious way. Diabetes and cardiovascular heart diseases negatively impact wages and employment prospects. Labour productivity lowers due to chronic diseases such as diabetes, arthritis, and cancer. Alcohol use, high blood pressure, arthritis, and cancer have mixed impacts on wages and employment; moreover, this is not always connected with increased illness absence. Finally, in the last section, the paper has discussed some of the significant ways the employees can manage their chronic disease and working life balance.

References
  • GreenFacts. (2018). Impacts of obesity, smoking, alcohol consumption and related chronic diseases on labour practice. Retrieved from https://www.greenfacts.org/en/chronic-diseases-labour/l-2/index.htm
  • Harris, A. (2008). Chronic Disease and Labour Force Chronic Participation in Australia: an endogenous multivariate probit analysis of clinical prevalence data. Centre for Health Economics.
  • Marcial, G. (2017, September 28). How Patients Suffering From Chronic Disease Become Patient Entrepreneurs. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/genemarcial/2017/09/28/how-patients-with-chronic-disease-become-patient-entrepreneurs/#7b50b1ce6cb3
  • Muse, T. (2013, August 12). How to handle a significant health issue at work. Retrieved from https://www.forbes.com/sites/dailymuse/2013/08/13/how-to-handle-a-major-health-issue-at-work/#35c0adb92ebc
  • Ngo, S. (2017, July 2). How to Manage Work When You Have a Chronic Illness. Retrieved from https://www.glassdoor.com/blog/chronic-illness/

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