2.0 Literature Review
In 1990, starting with the Trent 700’s launch, the company’s market share has improved in the sector of civil aerospace by bounds and leaps. With a total of 12 thousand sales of the cumulative firm engine in 2003, the jet engines’ Trent family placed the Rolls-Royce in 2004 that was much competitive than the rivals of the company such as Pratt and Whitney, and American giants General Electric. Trent set Trent by capturing the market shares around 38 percent to power A330-300 aircraft and Airbus A330-200 (Raj, 2004).
In 1992, Trent 800 was launched with a market share of around 43 percent for 777-300 and 777-200 of Boeing, while 100 percent market share was secured by Trent 500 in 1977 for A340-600 and A340-500 of Airbus. Till 2004, Trent 900 was the latest version in a Trent engine stable, and this Trent was built explicitly for an Airbus A380 that had the four engines. In 2006, Trent 900 went into service with SIA (Singapore Airlines), and it was selected by Lufthansa, Virgin Atlantic, and Qantas for their A380s that gave it firms’ 48 percent and options orders (Raj, 2004).
First Boeing 787-10 Dreamliner’s delivery was taken by Singapore Airlines powered by the Trent 1000 engines. Trent 1000’s latest version powered the aircraft, the Trent 1000 Thrust, Efficiency, and New Technology (TEN). Technologies are incorporated from the advanced engine programs, and the Trent XWB and increased efficiency higher thrust were delivered. Both entry into service and the first test flight of aircraft’s every version powered Trent 100 (Royce, 2018).
Recently, some problems have been discovered that persist in Trent 1000. Spending around 530 million dollars or 370 million euros was estimated by Roll-Royce in 2018, so that persisted problems with Trent 100 could be corrected. Trent 1000’s ongoing reliability problems will lead to more compensation costs and higher repair prices for Rolls-Royce’s manufacturer. Before the Trent 1000 TEN’s introduction last year, two updates were released by Rolls-Royce for its engine, and that news was affected by the latest problems (Derber, 2018).
Moreover, Rolls agreed that occasional checks in 2018 will result in higher expenses, while discretionary spending elsewhere would be pursued to sustain the year’s free cash flow goal. It is told that the cost will be doubled to around 530 million dollars or 370 million euros in the year 2018 before falling to 287 million dollars or 270 million euros in 2019; those predictions, although, were before the latest announcement of Package C. The inspection regime would affect the different airlines such as British Airways, Virgin Atlantic, Norwegian, and All Nippon Airways (Derber, 2018).
Roll-Royce has confirmed the future funding for the future development of Trent. According to Rolls-Royce, a new milestone has been reached in the development of Trent of its civil aerospace engines’ next generation with the Advance3 demonstrator that is currently running at full power. As the United Kingdom government confirmed at the Farnborough Airshow’s start, the news comes for the technologies’ development that will be used for future designs of the engine (AeroSpace, 2018).
A new engine core is tested by the Advance3 demonstrator that will ultimately deliver low emissions and optimum fuel efficiency. Developing the advanced core for an engine design of UltraFan is one of the critical elements of the future technology of Rolls-Royce. Earlier in July 2018, a full power milestone was accomplished in Derby, United Kingdom, as the demonstrator test program’s part gathering the data of engine performance around over 2,800 parameters (AeroSpace, 2018).
- AeroSpace. (2018, July 16). Future funding confirmed for Rolls-Royce engine development. Retrieved from https://www.aero-mag.com/future-funding-confirmed-rolls-royce-engine-development/
- Derber, A. (2018, April 16). Rolls-Royce estimates spending around £370 million ($530 million) in 2018 to correct problems with the Trent 1000 and 900. Retrieved from https://www.mro-network.com/engines-engine-systems/problems-persist-trent-1000-updates
- Raj, J. (2004, July 18). Trent family of engines becomes a leader in the market. Retrieved from https://www.thestar.com.my/opinion/letters/2004/07/18/trent-family-of-engines-becomes-leader-in-the-market/
- Royce, R. (2018). Powering the dream. Retrieved from https://www.rolls-royce.com/products-and-services/civil-aerospace/airlines/trent-1000.aspx#section-latest-updates